World Stroke Day: What should one do when experiencing a stroke?


Stroke is a common medical condition around the world and one of the leading causes of death that may not be a warning sign until it strikes. It can cause permanent disabilities like paralysis. So, when a person has symptoms similar to those of a stroke, it is essential to get medical help as soon as possible.

Dr Apurva Sharma, Neurology Consultant, Columbia Asia Hospital, Palam Vihar, explains that a person with a stroke may appear confused, feel weak on one side of the body, and may suddenly be unable to walk or speak. consistently. “It happens because blood flow is restricted to parts of the brain, caused by a blockage or leak in a blood vessel. It is important to understand the signs and the course of action when you see someone suffering from the symptoms of a stroke, ”he adds.

According to the doctor, there is a doctrine of first aid for stroke that must be followed. In case you are alone, it is advisable to find someone to help you with first aid.

* Don’t wait for symptoms to improve
It can be fatal to wait and see if your stroke symptoms improve. Since strokes are caused by a blockage in the blood supply to the brain, professional medical intervention is required.

* Use the QUICK technique
To confirm whether a person has a stroke, we need to check whether they can smile correctly, raise their arms and repeat a sentence, otherwise we need to see a doctor.

* Call an ambulance and say the word “AVC”
A patient should avoid driving to the hospital. Stroke is a medical emergency and you may need to manage any medical complications that may arise. It is also best to inform them of the potential stroke diagnosis, as they will be better prepared to deal with the situation.

* Keep track of symptoms
It is best to share the details of the symptoms with a doctor for a better assessment of the current situation. We should also share specific medical history like hypertension, sleep apnea, diabetes etc.

* Watch out for crises
Observe seizures and monitor vital parameters such as BP, pulse, Spo2, breathing movements, and any snoring that may require an airway protector.

* Do not eat or drink
If a person has a stroke, eating or drinking something can suffocate them and they can die of asphyxiation.

* Stay calm
The most important thing to do is stay calm. You need to be quick in your responses and reactions when helping someone, but being calm is key and rushing can lead to life-threatening mistakes.

“You just have to stay alert and follow the steps. If you are alone and think you might be developing stroke symptoms, get help from someone nearby! Dr Sharma cautions.